The following books, articles, and broadcasts are referred to in various places on this website: herewith full source material.


Barnham, Kay. Florence Nightingale: The Lady of the Lamp. Lewes: White-Thomson 2002.

Huntley, Eric L. Two Lives: Florence Nightingale and Mary Seacole. London: Bogle-L’Ouverture 1993.

Lynch, Emma. The Life of Mary Seacole. Oxford: Heinemann 2006.

McLoughlin, Catherine Mary and McLoughlin, Kate. Authoring War: The Literary Representation of War from the Iliad. 2011.

Ramdin, Ron. Mary Seacole. London: Haus Publishing 2005.

Rappaport, Helen. An Encyclopedia of Women Social Reformers. 2 vols, Santa Barbara CA: ABC Clio 2001. 2:486-93

Rappaport, Helen, No Place for Ladies: The Untold Story of Women in the Crimean War. London: Aurum 2007.

Robinson, Jane. Mary Seacole: The Most Famous Black Woman of the Victorian Age. Basic Books 2004.

Robinson, Jane. Mary Seacole: The Charismatic Black Nurse Who Became a Heroine of the Crimea. London: Constable 2005.

Royle, Trevor. Crimea: The Great Crimean War 1854-1856. Little Brown. and New York: St Martin’s Press 2000.

Wilson, A.N. The Victorians. London: Arrow 2002.

Articles, Book Chapters and Reports

Alexander, Ziggi and Audrey Dewjee, Mary Seacole: Jamaican National Heroine and “Doctress” in the Crimean War (London: Brent Library Service 1982)

Anionwu, Elizabeth N. A Short History of Mary Seacole: A Resource for Nurses and Students. Royal College of Nursing 2005.

Campbell, Tim. “A hero of the Crimean war,” The Guardian 12 October 2008 online.

Carnegie, M. Elizabeth. ”Black Nursing: A Historical Perspective.” University of Maryland News & Views (March-April 2003):4-5.

Carpenter, Sue. “The Forgotten Angel of the Crimea.” Times 4 September 2000:12-13.

Green, Chris. “Memorial to Crimea’s black nurse in danger.” The Independent 25 January 2010.

Griffon, D.P. “‘A Somewhat Duskier Skin’: Mary Seacole in the Crimea.” Nursing History Review 6 (1998):115-27.

McAlister, Margaret and John B. Lowe, “Nurses Who Made a Difference,” The Resilient Nurse: Empowering Your Practice. Springer 2011.

Rappaport, Helen. “The Invitation that Never Came: Mary Seacole After the Crimea.” History Today 55,2 (February 2005):9-15.

Rappaport, Helen. “Nightingale, Florence (1820-1910) United Kingdom.” Encyclopedia of Women Social Reformers. 2:486-93.

Rapoport, Helen. “Seacole, Mary (1805-1881) Jamaica,” in An Encyclopedia of Women Social Reformers. Santa Barbara CA: ABC-Clio 2001 2:631-33.

Santy, Julie. “Nurses in War.” Journal of Orthopaedic Nursing 12,1 (February 2008):50-53.

Stanley, David. “Lights in the Shadows: Florence Nightingale and others who made their mark.” Contemporary Nurse 24,1 (2007):45-51.

Television Films

BBC Knowledge educational 30 minute show “Mary Seacole: A Hidden History,” 2000, rebroadcast in 2005.

“Florence Nightingale: Iron Maiden” in series, “Reputations.” BBC 2001.

“Mary Seacole: The Real Angel of the Crimea” BBC, October Films, producer Paul Kerr, director Sonali Fernando, Angela Bruce. Channel 4 2005.

“Florence Nightingale,” written and directed by Norman Stone. BBC 2008.

Online Sources

Anionwu, Elizabeth. “What can Florence and Mary teach us about nursing today?” Nursing Standard website.

“Mary Seacole Memorial Statue Appeal.”

“Mary Seacole (1805-1881), Biographies of Jamaican Personalities. National Library of Jamaica.

Thomas, Linda. “Nursing ambitions: Protecting the basic principles of nursing against the challenges of constant change.” Cardiff: HCRC, Cardiff University,  Cardiff Lecture 2005.